The first step in the actual construction of a rock garden is to lay it out, at least in enough detail to show its general contour, to indicate paths and so on. These points had best be marked by fairly stout stakes driven into the ground, as otherwise they are likely to be obliterated.
Where there are no ledges or stones to start with, some excavating will be necessary. This is not alone for drainage. If the rock garden is merely constructed on the surface of the soil, there will be a break at this point which seriously interferes with the moisture supply.
The base or foundation of the rock garden structure should be literally buried in the ground. The foundation should consist largely of stone, and any patio statuary (http://www.garden-fountains.com/Detail.bok?no=3416) left for later. Small, broken pieces, flat stones, soft stone or shale, rock debris of any kind not suitable for use above ground may be utilized here to advantage for "filling in."
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